Chapter Seis | Dispatch to Gonzalez

The interesting thing about a District Attorney who also is listed as a “gang member” belonging to a Motorcycle Club from Texas, is that if you are trying to find a standard for what either of the two are supposed to be in real life, Mark Gonzalez sets the standards high for both motorcycle club members, as well as attorneys prosecuting crime on behalf of the State of Texas. That fact, in and of itself, is likely the most interesting paradox that has been a product of researching the Twin Peaks tragedy.

Mark Gonzalez speaking at the 2017 CoCI Legislative Day Event
Mark Gonzalez speaking at the 2017 C.o.C.&I. Legislative Day Event
The Most Unlikely D.A. In America

“He’s a biker attorney who specialized in getting small-time defendants off. He’s considered a gang member by Texas police. And now he’s the county’s chief prosecutor. Can Mark Gonzalez change the system?”
….. in 2016, Nueces also elected Gonzalez, a 38-year-old Democrat and self-described “Mexican biker lawyer covered in tattoos.” Before being elected, Gonzalez had never prosecuted a single case: For his entire 10-year career, Gonzales had specialized in getting accused criminals off the hook—working most closely with low-income, mostly minority offenders, fighting low-level charges for marijuana and other substances. His pride in his work is expressed in a spectacular tattoo that he had inked across his chest a few years ago, reading, in colorful gothic type, “Not Guilty.”

The above quote came from one of the most in depth articles about Mr. Gonzalez that the “Left Stream Media” has published concerning Mark’s family, his job, his club, and his ability to make a person feel comfortable talking to them. It is worth the read.

Mark Gonzalez Nueces County District Attorney
Mark Gonzalez Nueces County District Attorney declaring that “this house is our house!”

A goal here is to introduce the reader to Mark Gonzalez, his Motorcycle Club Los Calaveras, and their role in the collective known as the Confederation of Clubs and Independents of Texas (C.o.C.&I.). The role of the Independent riders in Texas are to unite the common rider with the more experienced riders, and show all riders the ways of the road in motorcycle safety and navigating the halls of Justice. In Texas, that involves politics, like all things in Texas.

When I met Mr. Gonzalez, after taking the above pictures at the Legislative Day event in 2017 held at the state capitol, the exact words I said to him whilst shaking his hand were, “I have never wanted to shake the hand of a D.A. before.” To which his response was, “I don’t blame you!” I had also commented on how his rock star appearance would never let on that he was such a beast. It was a casual conversation on the front porch of our house. Mr. Gonzalez had just informed and reminded the crowd of around 1,400 bikers that “the State Capitol Building in Austin Texas was OUR HOUSE!” He means it.

2017 Legislative Day in Austin at the State Capitol
2017 Legislative Day in Austin at the State Capitol

The paradox of this MC Member also being a District Attorney includes thoughts like:

  • “Is an Outlaw 1%er capable of being the law?”
  • “Is this a good bad guy, or a bad good guy?”
  • “How can an officer of the court, approved by the Governor Gregg Abbott, also be on a gang member list with DPS?”
  • “Does this mean that the 1%ers joined the blue line gang?”
  • “Abel Reyna the former District Attorney of McLennan County once said that “his gang would beat the biker gangs,” so what now?”
All Political Power is Inherent in the People
All Political Power is Inherent in the People

Another goal, as well, will be confronting the important theories of-
“1%ers” are “1%ers” because they follow a strict code of ethics, moral judgements and an overall set of life guidelines similar to club bi-laws:

  • “We don’t talk to the law,” which enables the Outlaw mentality of
  • “All Cops Are Bad,” and the
  • “the D.A. is basically in charge of the cops.”
  • “No co-operation with any Law Enforcement,
    • the D.A.,
    • the Sheriff,
    • State Police,
    • their family or friends.
    • NO ONE!”
  • Your Brother should be doing what is right by everyone, if he is not, it is our role to “correct his ways,” one on one first, and then with appropriate club strength if necessary.
  • Support your brother and his family, and the community we are all in.

Completely reverse the above words in theory:

“Law Enforcement Officers” are “Law Enforcement Officers” because they follow a strict code of ethics, moral judgements and an overall set of life guidelines called “the law,” although no one knows how many laws there actually are, that is how omnipotent “the law” is….

  • “We are the law,” which enables “the Law” mentality of “Us Vs. Them,”
  • “All Outlaws Are Bad,” and the
  • “Gangs are basically in charge of the outlaws.”
  • “No co-operation with any Outlaws,
    • from the D.A. (well maybe the D.A. but that is only for the D.A. to know),
    • the Sheriff (well maybe the Sheriff, but that is only for the Sheriff to know),
    • State Police (well maybe the State Police, but that is only for the State Police to know),
    • their family or friends.
    • NO ONE!”
  • Your Brother should be doing what is right by everyone, if he is not, it is our role to “correct his ways,” one on one first, and then with appropriate department strength if necessary.
  • Support your brother and his family, and the community we are all in.
2017 Legislative Day for CoC&I in Austin at the State Capitol
2017 Legislative Day for CoC&I in Austin at the State Capitol

“A jury in El Paso, Texas decided Friday that it is illegal for a member of the Bandidos Motorcycle Club to possess a weapon in the state. DT, a member of the BMC in El Paso, was arrested October 16th, 2017 on his way to work for Unlawful Carrying Of A Weapon. Although it was conceded by all sides that DT had no felony record and was not a convicted criminal, the prosecution argued, and the jury agreed, that merely being a member of the Bandidos was enough to consider an individual a gang member prohibited from exercising their 2nd Amendment rights.” – From the Motorcycle Profiling Project Published on September 25th, 2018 | by David “Double D” Devereaux

What if a jury found that, because of the amount of officer related killings, all cops had to surrender their firearms?

October 2008 DHS Active Shooter Guide

This theory analysis might show that the contempt for the corruption that is allowed to exist inside of the Law Enforcement community, with zero accountability for those who break their own laws,
these things are why the “Outlaw” community despises, distrusts, and disrupts the corruption of something that was supposed to work for the protection everyone.

No Faith in a corrupt system, and the corruption keeps acting like they are providing “safety” to the community, when all they are sowing is distrust.

It is not that 1%er’s are anti-government, it is more true that they are anti-corrupt government. As they should be, as we all should be.

To have a corrupt government, break the rules, laws and spirit of the Constitution in order to convict a person or a group of people because they have a difference of opinion, or moral standards or political views is the very definition of tyranny.

Just US. It is patriotic to call out those who are corrupt and unjust, when they hold seats of public trust, especially as elected officials. The entire local, state, and federal legal system, justice system, criminal conviction system, and law enforcement system are viewed as corrupt-able, bribe-able, non-trust-able, and non-rely-able by the general public in 2019.

“You express a great deal of anxiety over our willingness to break laws. This is certainly a legitimate concern. Since we so diligently urge people to obey the Supreme Court’s decision of 1954 outlawing segregation in the public schools, at first glance it may seem rather paradoxical for us consciously to break laws. One may well ask: “How can you advocate breaking some laws and obeying others?” The answer lies in the fact that there are two types of laws: just and unjust. I would be the first to advocate obeying just laws. One has not only a legal but a moral responsibility to obey just laws. Conversely, one has a moral responsibility to disobey unjust laws. I would agree with St. Augustine that “an unjust law is no law at all.”

Now, what is the difference between the two? How does one determine whether a law is just or unjust? A just law is a man made code that squares with the moral law or the law of God. An unjust law is a code that is out of harmony with the moral law. To put it in the terms of St. Thomas Aquinas: An unjust law is a human law that is not rooted in eternal law and natural law. Any law that uplifts human personality is just. Any law that degrades human personality is unjust. All segregation statutes are unjust because segregation distorts the soul and damages the personality.” – Martin Luther King JR. from the Birmingham Jail

The survivors and victims of the Twin Peaks Ambush have gone through the labyrinth of

  • red tape,
  • survey filing [MPP National Survey],
  • petition filing,
  • bail bond condition following,
  • bond company paying,
  • lawyer paying,
  • lawyer trusting,
  • system trusting,
  • system doubting,
  • lawyer doubting,
  • not knowing who to trust,
  • roller coaster ride – that has lasted entirely way too long.

This coming May 17th will mark the 4 year anniversary of the Twin Peaks Biker Ambush and with that comes a new hope for “Justice” for the remaining men under indictment for rioting and various other nefarious charges that currently still exist for 28 or 14.58% of the  192 original defendants.

“After his defeat, Reyna dismissed the cases against all but 28 of the original 155 indicted bikers. One of those was dismissed by special prosecutors, which also are handling three others.” Ex-DA Reyna joins Houston-based law firm in new Waco office By TOMMY WITHERSPOON on Jan 14, 2019

At least two things are evident now, in hind sight:

1) There was a concerted effort by the state and federal government to drain the resources and finances of the C.o.C. & I.’s main support club, of both volunteer man hours, and event financing, even though there was not enough evidence to even indict C.o.C. & I. members.

2) The McLennan County, State of Texas, and Federal Government Agencies, worked in collusion – under the color of law, to slander the Bandidos Motorcycle Club in the media, before a multi-agency government operation was uncovered, where the Bandidos MC and the C.o.C. & I. were targeted, along with their support clubs, with non-FISA court (illegal) wire taps, in order to try and gain a conviction in Federal Court against the leadership at the time of the investigation.

Another hope is that since Abel Reyna was defeated in the last election, perhaps the new District Attorney for McLennan County, Barry Johnson will proceed with more common sense, ethical application of broad laws, and simultaneously correct the horrible wrongs that have been done upon the victims and survivors of the Twin Peaks Biker Ambush as well as the community at large who has been detrimentally effected by this fiasco of the governments making.

The task is to establish trust in the officers of the court, the court itself, and the spirit of the laws within.

Dispatch to Gonzalez

Dear Mr. Mark Gonzalez,

The essence of this entire book is for someone of decent moral character, and “proper authority,” to view what has been uncovered and overlooked from the past 4 years and make a discerning and proper investigation into the events of May 17th, 2015, with the full transparency of the involvement of the United States Department of Justice and any Agency under their guidance or jurisdiction.

With these types of S.W.A.T. team events, there was quite the military presence, without the Military Uniforms, just the weapons.

There seems to be some sort of Operation Order in effect, or training S.O.P. with multiple agencies of both county, city and state police, as well as Federal Agents on scene before the first shots were fired, and the former District Attorney of McLennan County, Abel Reyna not only knew about the training leading up to the event, as well as the use of Under Cover Agents from his Detectives Unit, but that Abel Reyna directed the prosecution on May 17th, 2015, so that any D.o.J. involvement would never be found out, as he would protect the evidence of the day with malicious prosecution against the witnesses.

Abel likely felt that he had an open door to violate the Brady v. Maryland (1963) rule which requires that the prosecution must turn over all exculpatory evidence to the defendant in a criminal case. Exculpatory evidence is evidence that might exonerate the defendant. Why would this door be open, one might ask, because the Governor was being escorted into the room.

What does Gregg Abbott have to do with Twin Peaks?
Everything. As the Governor, his signature would be required to get DPS cooperation to work with outside agencies on an under cover operation, using state funded assets and equipment. Or does this sort of event happen with multiple agencies and the DPS and the Governor is not notified?

Let’s suppose this was an F.B.I. operation, as it appears to be. There are rules involved. Process, and steps, rules of procedure and funding.

Mr. Gonzalez, would you facilitate a full Senate Hearing Investigation into if Twin Peaks was a Federal Undercover Operation gone extremely wrong?

Perhaps a place to start is to investigate the 16,000 plus, Confidential Informants used by the Department of Justice, and how much their involvement with accessing drugs provided by their agencies of hire, might just increase local crime rates, fueling drug overdoses, and community violence, as well as a steady drug supply into the communities that we assume (incorrectly) that those agencies are here to protect.
It seems those agencies are providing job security for the Department of Justice, rather than actual Justice.

Then if the funding from those “churn investigations” by the B.A.T.F.E. and D.E.A. do not turn up any leads for how Operation Texas (Bottom) Rocker was funded, and the Governors office is not helping find the funding for their role, perhaps the Criminal Undercover Operations Review Committee can help?

D. Criminal Undercover Operations Review Committee (Undercover Review Committee)

(1) The Undercover Review Committee shall consist of appropriate employees of the FBI designated by the Director and Criminal Division attorneys designated by the Assistant Attorney General in charge of the Criminal Division, DOJ, to be chaired by a designee of the Director.

(2) When an application from an SAC for approval of an undercover operation involving sensitive circumstances specified in paragraph C(2) is received by FBIHQ, upon recommendation by the FBIHQ substantive section, the Committee members will meet to review the application. Criminal Division members of the Committee may consult with appropriate FBI personnel, senior DOJ officials, and the United States Attorney as deemed appropriate. The Committee shall submit the application to the Director or designated Assistant Director with a recommendation for approval or disapproval of the request and any recommended changes or amendments to the proposal.

(3) In addition to the considerations contained in IV.A. above, the Committee shall also examine the application to determine whether adequate measures have been taken to minimize the incidence of sensitive circumstances and reduce the risks of harm and intrusion that are created by such circumstances. If the Committee recommends approval of an undercover operation, the recommendation shall include a brief written statement explaining why the operation merits approval in light of the anticipated occurrence of sensitive circumstances.

(4) The Committee shall recommend approval of an undercover operation only upon reaching a consensus, provided that:

(a) If one or more of the designees of the Assistant Attorney General in charge of the Criminal Division does not join in a recommendation for approval of a proposed operation because of legal, ethical, prosecutive, or departmental policy considerations, the designee shall promptly advise the Assistant Attorney General and no further action shall be taken on the proposal until the designated Assistant Director has had an opportunity to consult with the Assistant Attorney General; and

(b) If, upon consultation, the Assistant Attorney General disagrees with a decision by the designated Assistant Director to approve the proposed operation, no further action shall be taken on the proposal without the approval of the Deputy Attorney General or the Attorney General.

(5) The Committee should consult the Legal Counsel Division of the FBI and the Office of Legal Counsel or other appropriate division or office at DOJ about any significant unsettled legal questions concerning authority for, or the conduct of, a proposed undercover operation.

(6) The Director, Assistant Attorney General, or other official designated by them may refer any sensitive investigative matter, including informant, cooperating witness, and cooperating subject operations, to the Undercover Review Committee for advice, recommendation or comment, regardless of whether an undercover operation is involved.

(7) The United States Attorney, Special Agent in Charge or any member of their staffs, may attend the Criminal Undercover Operations Review Committee in order to advocate for the approval of an undercover operation.

(8) If the Special Agent in Charge and the United States Attorney jointly disagree with any stipulation set by the Criminal Undercover Operations Review Committee regarding the approval of an undercover operation, they may consult with the chairman of the Criminal Undercover Operations Review Committee who may schedule a meeting of the committee to reconsider the issue in question.

(9) At any time during the undercover operation the Special Agent in Charge can appeal any Headquarters decision directly to the Assistant Director. Likewise, the United States Attorney can appeal directly to the Assistant Attorney General, Criminal Division, or the Deputy Attorney General as appropriate.

If the Criminal Undercover Operations Review Committee can not help, then how did any other agency get their authorization?

In Conclusion Mr. Gonzalez, the 192 people involved in the arrests at Twin Peaks have a right to know what actually happened that day, as about 140 of those folks are still demanding justice. The people from all over the State of Texas and Oklahoma, who supported the bikers during their persecution and prosecution by the State of Texas and the Department of Justice, have been believing in false hope of Justice for the innocent in this situation.

Will you help the people of Texas as an elected official, and representative of the State of Texas, find a solution to this complicated situation?

Supposedly there is a Federal Government shutdown at the present moment, and since our taxes are still being required, We the People, are not sure what agencies might still be going ahead with their operations and or duties. Do the rats still get their cheese, do the Under Cover Agents still get their dope to sell, or do the 16,000 Confidential Informants loose their privileges and or qualified immunity as well as funding and can be brought to Justice in a court of law in the jurisdiction that they supply crime in?

According to a recent review done by the FBIAA VOICES FROM THE FIELD
JANUARY 2019 – FBI Agent Accounts of the Real Consequences of the Government Shutdown, it would seem the FBI can not pay their informants to buy drugs and continue their criminal lifestyle.

“Two days ago, our financial office advised that the division has exhausted [Organized Crime Drug Enforcement Task Force (‘OCDETF’)] operational funding.… We are in the middle of a critical OCDETF investigation targeting kilo-quantity trafficking of methamphetamine and heroin by street gang members…. Without money to pay sources and conduct controlled narcotics purchases, our task force is unable to continue these critical investigations. This task force is the only task force in this region specifically targeting interstate street gang criminal activities.”

FBIAA Voices From The Field

What is OCDETF?

“The FY 2017 OCDETF Program Budget Request comprises 2,975 positions, 2,902 FTE, and $522.135 million in funding for the Interagency Crime and Drug Enforcement (ICDE) Appropriation, to be used for investigative and prosecutorial costs associated with OCDETF cases targeting high-level criminal drug and money laundering networks as well as priority transnational poly-crime organizations whose primary criminal activity may not necessarily be drug-related.”

FY 2017 Interagency Crime And Drug Enforcement Congressional Submission

There are some serious questions posed in the prose above, and in the chapters before this dispatch in brief.
For those still on the battle lines of malicious prosecution in Waco, all efforts are involved in their defense, from across the nation, concern broils in anticipation as to the outcome of “JUSTICE for the Waco 28.”

Mr. Gonzalez, I hope this finds you well, and with proper reinforcements to respond to Waco’s request for help in finding justice in the halls of a competent courtroom in Texas. As a former resident of Bruceville Eddy (10 Miles from Waco), this saga has effected far more people than the ones that made the papers or the courthouse steps. This is a Hill Country issue and then a State of Texas issue and unfortunately a National Epidemic Issue and we need the help of you and your familia.

There is also talk of a Wall going up on our Southern Border to curb illegal drug trafficking into the United States by “illegals” as the legal immigration issue mounts upon us. What if we take care of the drugs inside the country first?

Can we insure the general public that the Confidential Informants employed by the various forms of payment by the United States Government, are not supplying a multitude of drugs as a job, before we are so quick to conclude that a Wall is the only way to fix our opioid epidemic?

Please consider taking up this task for the safety of our state and it’s residents. If funding is necessary, maybe allocate funds away from DPS and their oversight of the Texas Compassionate Use Program and the licenses and fees they have acquired. That is a glaring conflict of interest as the Department of Public Safety is the first States Witness in the prosecution of a patient using Cannabis. They refuse to allow an appropriations bill to mention what DPS will do with the funds from TCUP. Maybe you can find a great use for them.

Thank you for your time and potential interest in this process of finding Justice out there some where for these folks.

We the People

October 23rd 2017 Testimony from Twin Peaks Biker Trials

This video was from the morning session of the Twin Peaks trial in McLennan County Texas on 10/23/2017.
Testimony after the first break from Waco Police Department on October 23, 2017.


Officer of the Court – Waco Police Department Ben Rush on the stand, to which he describes the turmoil of the day and starts to weep, and shortly there after Reyna asks for a recess to set up the video.
After the break Rush again describes his patrol units position in the Central Texas Market Place parking lot, and at 40:00 Abel Reyna questions Rush by asking if
“Jason Davis is Nikki Stones ‘field training officer'” in the video playing for the jury. He responds yes, earlier he commented on how new she was. (Interesting to have a brand new patrol officer training on such an important event where WPD are at the ready with automatic weapons.)

Second Round of testimony on 10-23-2017


Texas: One Nation Under Arrest | Introduction

In 2015 we lost 236 unarmed Americans out of a total of 1,146 to Law Enforcement violence. (The Guardians: The Counted) This is a domestic problem which earns a tax payer funded paycheck, as well as union lawyer protection ensuring that the qualified immunity doctrine is applied in case of libelous actions.

Meme of USA Covert operations with political events in other countries
Meme of USA Covert operations with political events in other countries since WWII

Since the 1950’s, the great military industrial complex, (that General Dwight D. Eisenhower warned us about), has funded, attempted to fund or supplied the necessary measures to overtake, more than 50 (fifty) forms of international governments. Ours is no different.

Video of Dwight D. Eisenhower’s final farewell address to the nation. January 17, 1961

A War is Coming Meme - Police Officers Facebook page 2016
A War is Coming Meme – Police Officers Facebook page 2016

Some of these coups have been the bloodiest takeovers in world history, and in other cases the usurpation has been as silent and as subtle as a thief in the night.

Regardless of the how, the why has always been a corporate investment to continue the machines of war, or the Military Industrial Complex. Since humans have been writing things on cave walls, hunting, death, power and control have been our evolutionary predisposition.

Pasadena State Rep posing with a drone with missile in Houston Texas
District Representative from Pasadena, Texas bragging about our Texas National Guard drone capabilities on social media in 2017.
*Yes that is a missile or two strapped underneath that Raptor type unmanned U.S.A.F. remote controlled aircraft. Assuming this is flying over Texas’ friendly skies.

Now is the time to discuss the 5 W’s of journalism.

    1. Who,
    2. What,
    3. When,
    4. Where,
    5. and Why.

These words are usually descriptors to illustrate the “How” of a story.

  • How did we get here, to this moment in time, living in a court system run world?
  • Where are we going in this human race?
  • How will we know when we get there?
  • Does this race have A single winner?
  • What does it mean to “win” at all costs?
  • Can we make it alone?
  • Are we loyal to our team, if there is such a thing?
  • Who says who is on what team, and who keeps up with the teams?
  • Is there a finish line that we know of?
  • Is the ancient text that Moses started and John of Patmos finished, going to be how all of this plays out?
  • Are there any other options?

These questions have been rendered in many forms throughout the eons of orbiting that big orange ball. The answers to these and many more perplexing issues may not be suited for this book of answers to other questions, yet those things mentioned a fore will play a vital role in understanding one of the most complex public shootings in Texas History.

Believe it or not, but the CNN coined title of the “The Texas Shootout” is an actual Love story on almost every level. The Love of the open road, the Love born of a bond that comes from a brotherhood that many claim is stronger than gravity itself, and a Love of which cannot be stopped by the forces of evil. There is Honor with Love. There is Respect with Honor. There is Loyalty with Respect. There is Family with Loyalty.

KXAN news coverage Twin Peaks May17 2015
Screenshot of video from KXAN news, a local Waco NBC affiliate, where S.W.A.T. police have a witness detained for questioning on May 17th, 2015.

Proceed to Chapter Uno | Going Back to the Beginning of a Problem

Texas: One Nation Under Arrest

What does ownership mean to you?

Definition of ownership according to Merriam-Webster
1): the state, relation, or fact of being an owner

2): a group or organization of owners
First Known Use: 1583

Who owns your body?
When one finds them selves listed on a piece of paper titled:

The State of Texas Vs (Your Name Here)

One will quickly learn that Texas is a Corporation (The State of Texas) that has a vast amount of resources to spend on the court cases against the non-state entity, and the new owners will spend it all to prove their ownership of the citizen. An ironic ideal that one must pay taxes to an entity that can and will use that income against the person who paid it initially in the form of taxes, and prosecute, and arrest someone for NOT paying said taxes.

If one thinks that they own their property, a car, land, or business, then do NOT pay taxes to the county or state, as they require, and see how long it takes for the real owners to show up and educate the “owner” on their lack of payment for the use of said property.

How many rules, regulations, statutes, laws or codes does Texas have that the citizenry are responsible in following and knowing, and how many Federal laws are there that supersede state laws?

There has not been a definite number acquired in answering this question. The official answer is that “they” DO NOT KNOW!

library of congress how many federal laws 2013
library of congress how many federal laws 2013

If you think the answer to this question can be found in the volumes of the Statutes at Large, you are partially correct. The Statutes at Large is a compendium that includes all the federal laws passed by the U.S. Congress. However, a total count of laws passed does not account for the fact that some laws are completely new; some are passed to amend existing laws; and others completely repeal old laws. Moreover, this set does not include any case law or regulatory provisions that have the force of law.

In a conversation about this topic, a friend asked me, “What about the United States Code?” The current Code has 51 titles in multiple volumes. It would be very time consuming to go page by page to count each federal law, and it also does not include case law or regulatory provisions.

While we are on the topic, would you like to know the difference between the United States Code and the Statutes at Large? According to the Government Printing Office, “the Statutes at Large, is the permanent collection of all laws and resolutions enacted during each session of Congress.” The laws are arranged by public law number and are published in the Statutes at Large. The set also includes concurrent resolutions, proclamations, proposed and ratified amendments to the Constitution, and reorganization plans. Until 1948, treaties and international agreements approved by the Senate were also published in the Statutes at Large. This set is organized by year. So, if you are interested in locating the laws of passed in 1996 you need to consult the volumes for that year.

As for the United States Code, the Government Printing Office explains that “the United States Code is the codification by subject matter of the general and permanent laws of the United States. It is divided by broad subjects into 51 titles and published by the Office of the Law Revision Counsel of the U.S. House of Representatives.” It is clear that the United States Code is a compilation of laws arranged by subject. However, similar to the Statutes at Large,  it does not include case law or regulatory provisions. – Library of Congress article from 2013

Imagine having so much freedom, that you can not even count how free your are NOT!

If our own lawmakers do NOT know how many current laws there are on a Federal level, then it would be no surprise that the answer is the same for the state, county, and municipal levels.

Ask any judge this question: “How many laws are there, local on up to federal?” When they fail to give an exact number, ask them then, “how as an officer of this court, do you intend to practice a craft in which there is an infinite amount of ways in which to make one a criminal, yet the court is not able to cite a source as to the number of said laws.” Where is the Justice in this system, the only thing it seems to be is a system in which to convict, infinitely.

Texas residents are in a literal conviction system which leads to the fact that Texas: One Nation Under Arrest is not just applicable for Motorcycle Clubs, it applies to us all.

Wikipedia offers some insight into the theory of state ownership:

A house number plaque marking state property in Riga, Latvia

State ownership, also called public ownership or government ownership, is the ownership of an industry, asset, or enterprise by the state or a public body representing a community, as opposed to an individual or private party.[1] Public ownership specifically refers to industries selling goods and services to consumers and differs from public goods and government services financed out of a government's general budget.[2] Public ownership can take place at the national, regional, local, or municipal levels of government; or can refer to non-governmental public ownership vested in autonomous public enterprises. Public ownership is one of the three major forms of property ownership, differentiated from private, collective/cooperative, and common ownership.[3]

In market-based economies, state-owned assets are often managed and operated as joint-stock corporations with a government owning all or a controlling stake of the company's shares. This form is often referred to as a state-owned enterprise. A state-owned enterprise might variously operate as a not-for-profit corporation, as it may not be required to generate a profit; as a commercial enterprise in competitive sectors; or as a natural monopoly. Governments may also use the profitable entities they own to support the general budget. The creation of a state-owned enterprise from other forms of public property is called corporatization.

In Soviet-type economies, state property was the dominant form of industry as property. The state held a monopoly on land and natural resources, and enterprises operated under the legal framework of a nominally planned economy, and thus according to different criteria than enterprises in market and mixed economies.

Nationalization is a process of transferring private or municipal assets to a central government or state entity. Municipalization is the process of transferring private or state assets to a municipal government.

State-owned enterprise

A state-owned enterprise is a commercial enterprise owned by a government entity in a capitalist market or mixed economy. Reasons for state ownership of commercial enterprises are that the enterprise in question is a natural monopoly or because the government is promoting economic development and industrialization. State-owned enterprises may or may not be expected to operate in a broadly commercial manner and may or may not have monopolies in their areas of activity. The transformation of public entities and government agencies into government-owned corporations is sometimes a precursor to privatization.

State capitalist economies are capitalist market economies that have high degrees of government-owned businesses.

Relation to socialism

Public ownership of the means of production is a subset of social ownership, which is the defining characteristic of a socialist economy. However, state ownership and nationalization by themselves are not socialist, as they can exist under a wide variety of different political and economic systems for a variety of different reasons. State ownership by itself does not imply social ownership where income rights belong to society as a whole. As such, state ownership is only one possible expression of public ownership, which itself is one variation of the broader concept of social ownership.[4][5]

In the context of socialism, public ownership implies that the surplus product generated by publicly owned assets accrues to all of society in the form of a social dividend, as opposed to a distinct class of private capital owners. There is a wide variety of organizational forms for state-run industry, ranging from specialized technocratic management to direct workers' self-management. In traditional conceptions of non-market socialism, public ownership is a tool to consolidate the means of production as a precursor to the establishment of economic planning for the allocation of resources between organizations, as required by government or by the state.

State ownership is advocated as a form of social ownership for practical concerns, with the state being seen as the obvious candidate for owning and operating the means of production. Proponents assume that the state, as the representative of the public interest, would manage resources and production for the benefit of the public.[6] As a form of social ownership, state ownership may be contrasted with cooperatives and common ownership. Socialist theories and political ideologies that favor state ownership of the means of production may be labelled state socialism.

State ownership was recognized by Friedrich Engels in Socialism: Utopian and Scientific as, by itself, not doing away with capitalism, including the process of capital accumulation and structure of wage labor. Engels argued that state ownership of commercial industry would represent the final stage of capitalism, consisting of ownership and management of large-scale production and manufacture by the state.[7]

Within the United Kingdom, public ownership is mostly associated with the Labour Party (a centre-left democratic socialist party), specifically due to the creation of Clause IV of the "Labour Party Manifesto" in 1918. "Clause IV" was written by Fabian Society member Sidney Webb.

User rights

A plaque marking state property in Jūrmala

When ownership of a resource is vested in the state, or any branch of the state such as a local authority, individual use "rights" are based on the state's management policies, though these rights are not property rights as they are not transmissible. For example, if a family is allocated an apartment that is state owned, it will have been granted a tenancy of the apartment, which may be lifelong or inheritable, but the management and control rights are held by various government departments.[8]

Public property

There is a distinction to be made between state ownership and public property. The former may refer to assets operated by a specific state institution or branch of government, used exclusively by that branch, such as a research laboratory. The latter refers to assets and resources owned by the population of a state which are mostly available to the entire public for use, such as a public park (see public space).


In neoclassical economic theory, the desirability of state ownership has been studied using contract theory. According to the property rights approach based on incomplete contracting (developed by Oliver Hart and his co-authors), ownership matters because it determines what happens in contingencies that were not considered in prevailing contracts.[9]

The work by Hart, Shleifer and Vishny (1997) is the leading application of the property rights approach to the question whether state ownership or private ownership is desirable.[10] In their model, the government and a private firm can invest to improve the quality of a public good and to reduce its production costs. It turns out that private ownership results in strong incentives to reduce costs, but it may also lead to poor quality. Hence, depending on the available investment technologies, there are situations in which state ownership is better. The Hart-Shleifer-Vishny theory has been extended in many directions. For instance, some authors have also considered mixed forms of private ownership and state ownership.[11] In the Hart-Shleifer-Vishny model it is assumed that all parties have the same information, while Schmitz (2023) has studied an extension of their analysis allowing for asymmetric information.[12] Moreover, the Hart-Shleifer-Vishny model assumes that the private party derives no utility from provision of the public good. Besley and Ghatak (2001) have shown that if the private party (a non-governmental organization) cares about the public good, then the party with the larger valuation of the public good should always be the owner, regardless of the parties' investment technologies.[13]

More recently, some authors have shown that the investment technology also matters in the Besley-Ghatak framework if an investing party is indispensable[14] or if there are bargaining frictions between the government and the private party.[15]

See also


  1. ^ "Public Ownership". Oxford Dictionaries. Archived from the original on January 26, 2018. Retrieved January 25, 2018. Ownership by the government of an asset, corporation, or industry.
  2. ^ Tupper, Allan (February 7, 2006). "Public Ownership". The Canadian Encyclopedia. Historica Canada. Retrieved January 25, 2018. public ownership generally refers to enterprises, wholly or partially government owned, which sell goods and services at a price according to use. According to this definition, government-owned railways, airlines, and utilities are examples of public ownership, but hospitals, highways and public schools are not.
  3. ^ Gregory, Paul R.; Stuart, Robert C. (2003). Comparing Economic Systems in the Twenty-First Century. Boston: Houghton Mifflin. p. 27. ISBN 0-618-26181-8. There are three broad forms of property ownership-private, public, and collective (cooperative).
  4. ^ Hastings, Adrian; Mason, Alistair; Pyper, Hugh (December 21, 2000). The Oxford Companion to Christian Thought. Oxford University Press. p. 677. ISBN 978-0198600244. Socialists have always recognized that there are many possible forms of social ownership of which co-operative ownership is one. Nationalization in itself has nothing particularly to do with socialism and has existed under non-socialist and anti-socialist regimes. Kautsky in 1891 pointed out that a 'co-operative commonwealth' could not be the result of the 'general nationalization of all industries' unless there was a change in 'the character of the state'.
  5. ^ Ellman, Michael (1989). Socialist Planning. Cambridge University Press. p. 327. ISBN 0-521-35866-3. State ownership of the means of production is not necessarily social ownership and state ownership can hinder efficiency.
  6. ^ Arnold, Scott (1994). The Philosophy and Economics of Market Socialism: A Critical Study. Oxford University Press. pp. 44. ISBN 978-0195088274. For a variety of philosophical and practical reasons touched on in chapter 1, the most obvious candidate in modern societies for that role has been the state. In the past, this led socialists to favor nationalization as the primary way of socializing the means of production…The idea is that just as private ownership serves private interests, public or state ownership would serve the public interest.
  7. ^ Frederick Engels. "Socialism: Utopian and Scientific (Chpt. 3)". Retrieved 2014-01-08.
  8. ^ Clarke, Alison; Paul Kohler (2005). Property law: commentary and materials. Cambridge University Press. p. 40. ISBN 9780521614894.
  9. ^ Hart, Oliver (1995). "Firms, Contracts, and Financial Structure". Oxford University Press.
  10. ^ Hart, Oliver; Shleifer, Andrei; Vishny, Robert W. (1997). "The Proper Scope of Government: Theory and an Application to Prisons" (PDF). The Quarterly Journal of Economics. 112 (4): 1127–1161. doi:10.1162/003355300555448. ISSN 0033-5533. S2CID 16270301.
  11. ^ Hoppe, Eva I.; Schmitz, Patrick W. (2010). "Public versus private ownership: Quantity contracts and the allocation of investment tasks". Journal of Public Economics. 94 (3–4): 258–268. doi:10.1016/j.jpubeco.2009.11.009.
  12. ^ Schmitz, Patrick W. (2023). "The proper scope of government reconsidered: Asymmetric information and incentive contracts" (PDF). European Economic Review. 157: 104511. doi:10.1016/j.euroecorev.2023.104511. ISSN 0014-2921. S2CID 259487043.
  13. ^ Besley, Timothy; Ghatak, Maitreesh (2001). "Government versus Private Ownership of Public Goods". The Quarterly Journal of Economics. 116 (4): 1343–1372. CiteSeerX doi:10.1162/003355301753265598. JSTOR 2696461. S2CID 39187118.
  14. ^ Halonen-Akatwijuka, Maija (2012). "Nature of human capital, technology and ownership of public goods". Journal of Public Economics. Fiscal Federalism. 96 (11–12): 939–945. CiteSeerX doi:10.1016/j.jpubeco.2012.07.005. S2CID 154075467.
  15. ^ Schmitz, Patrick W. (2015). "Government versus private ownership of public goods: The role of bargaining frictions". Journal of Public Economics. 132: 23–31. doi:10.1016/j.jpubeco.2015.09.009.

Further reading

Research on the events of Twin Peaks in Waco, Texas on May 17th 2015

One Nation Under Arrest - Book Cover
One Nation Under Arrest – Book Cover

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